Family-centered practices: Birth Through High School 

Family-centered practices: Birth Through High School

Family-centered practices: Birth Through High School

  • Type of paperArticle Review
  • SubjectEducation
  • Number of pages2
  • Writer levelDoctor
  • Format of citationAPA
  • Number of cited resources1

i upload the instruction of the paper and the article. please follow the instruction step by step


i just want to inform you that, the most important thing to me is that, following the instruction step by step and give example as the instruction indicate

Dunst re family centered practices birth to HS 02


Part A:


This is the level is when the child is still very young, mostly at the age between when the kid is 3 years old to the beginning of kindergarten Two models that could work well with them include early intervention and preschool programs

Early intervention programs include seeking for a physician’s help in developmental abilities of the child. This include the basic skills such as communication, physical activities such as walking and crawling, cognitive skills such as thinking and solving problems, emotional such as being happy and feeling secure and finally self-help for instance in dressing and eating. A good example of early intervention is audiology that helps in hearing and assistive technology which is the use of devices that a child might need.

Preschool programs on the other hand incorporates the use of special education. This program teaches the child on development skills through various methods such as active play and as well ensures that the child is language rich. The programs develop the confidence of the child and promotes their social skills. A good example would be taking the kid to a PPCD centre which happens when the kid is three years and older.


Elementary Schools

The decision on the model to be sued for disabled children at the elementary level which is the age form when the kid is in kindergarten through Grades 5 and 6 could be hard to make bit very crucial. This should as well be related with family-centeredness.

One of them is full-service school models-  this model ensures that the parents and the teacher are able to work together to identify the child’s strengths and weaknesses, identify the interest of the child and strategize together. An example would be a situation where the parent visits the school regularly according to a set schedule. This might be a couple of times a week or month.

The second one is application of the school linked services. These are services that include inviting physicians to school on top of inviting parents. The model helps in acknowledging the reactions and the emotions of the child and clarifying on suitability of the program applied for the child.


  1. Based on Dunst’s family-centered framework:
  2. Describe two to three skills related to the relational component that you feel are most essential to effectively and successfully work with families. (4 points)

Relational skills are made up of interpersonal behavior within the family members. Active listening is among the skills that I find very essential for the family to work effectively.  For a good listener sometimes is all it takes sometimes to end a dispute. This helps to understand the other person’s view before coming to a conclusion. The other skill is empathy. This involves one of the members to share the feelings of the other and understand. This is also very key since the family is mindful of the other and they understand even when they differ in opinions and this makes it essential to the family as whole.


  1. Describe two to three skills related to the participatory component that you feel are

most essential to effectively and successfully work with families. (4 points)

Participatory skills are more oriented from actions and they mainly look at the sharing and control. Among the most important skills in this sector is being flexible. This allows the members to not being so strict about either a decision or contribution in the family. This helps them to be able to cope up with different situations easily. The other crucial skill for the family to work out is being responsive to the concerns of the family and being able to prioritize the issues for the family. This means that one should be able to do this for the progress of the family.


  1. How will you use the information in this article in your interactions with families? (4 points)

Looking at a skill such a skill like active listening, I would use it in my conversations with the different families. Being a good listener would give an opportunity to be able to get the families to open up more. I would also be non-judgmental in the interactions to avoid making the members involved feel guilty and pull out from the talks. The other skill that has been learnt from the article and important and will help in the interaction is showing concern. This actually brings warmth in the room and makes the people involved in the chat to feel comfortable and this will help me in the interaction with the families.

Family Centered Practices ppt


Dunst, C. J. (2002). Family-centered practices: Birth through high school. Journal of Special Education, 36(3), 139-147.